Could you mistakenly give your partner genital herpes? Last, when they say that HSV-1 can spread to the genitals, what sort of probability are they talking about?. Increasing proportion of herpes simplex virus type 1 as a cause of genital herpes infection in college students. It’s easy to forget that cold sores are also caused by a herpes virus, and one that isn’t that different from the one that causes genital herpes. They were all shocked to learn that cold sores can lead to genital herpes infections when the virus is passed on during unprotected oral sex.
Oral sex may spread both cold sores and genital herpes. Infections caused by the herpes simplex virus can lead to permanent vision loss when they’re not treated promptly. HSV-1 infection of the genitals is often caused by someone with cold sores performing oral-genital sex. Sometimes, reactivations of the virus do not cause blister formation but the person remains contagious nonetheless, even though there are no visible sores. However, both types can recur and spread even when no symptoms are present.
What other conditions can look like oral herpes (cold sores)? HSV-2 is usually the cause of genital herpes, although HSV-1 sometimes causes genital infections. Transmission can happen even if genitals only touch infected skin, and no penetration occurs. A majority of adults in the U.S. to have oral herpes (cold sores), which is almost always caused by HSV-1. Type 1 herpes simplex virus is the usual cause of cold sores around the mouth.
Can Infection with Herpes Simplex Virus Be Prevented? Although the HSV-1 virus occasionally causes blisters in the genital area, it is usually HSV-2, also known as genital herpes, that causes sores on the penis in sexually active males and on the vulva, vagina, and cervix in sexually active females. For example, repeated outbreaks of HSV-1 may cause cold sores in the same spot along the outer border of the lips, but they also can occur anywhere around the mouth. Genital herpes is classified as a sexually transmitted infection. It may be spread to an infant during childbirth. During immunodeficiency, herpes simplex can cause unusual lesions in the skin. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks.