People with genital herpes can still donate blood. My doctor still said it made common sense not to have oral sex when cold sores on my partner were obvious but that in our monogamous stable relationship (both having had cold sores) the risks of genital herpes from this were in any case very low. Everything I have read says be careful because HSV 1 can give you genital herpes through oral sex; but given the fact that the vast majority of people already have HSV 1 (of the face) and have built up an immunity is this really such a great concern in a monogamous stable relationship?. Herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that any sexually active person can get. It is important to know that even without signs of the disease, it can still spread to sexual partners. The viruses are called herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2.
Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Most Canadians will have at least one type of HSV in their lifetime. People don’t understand that you can have type 1 genitally or orally, that the two types are essentially the same virus,’ says Marshall Clover, manager of the National Herpes Hotline. In very rare cases HSV- 1 can spread spontaneously to the brain, causing herpes encephalitis, a dangerous infection that can lead to death. So what causes them and what can you do? Although the virus is most contagious when a sore is present, it can still be passed on even if you can’t see a sore.
Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult. It is important to understand that although someone may not have visible sores or symptoms, they may still be infected by the virus and may transmit the virus to others. Some of the symptoms associated with this virus include:. Still, in most cases, genital herpes is caused by the second type of herpes virus (HSV-2). HSV-1 can also spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex (fellatio, cunnilingus, analingus). While you can transmit either herpes 1 or 2 while you have a cold sore, with herpes of either type, shedding of the virus (being contagious) when you have no symptoms or sores happens on a fairly regular basis. If someone has HSV 1, and only experience cold sores around the mouth, can they still contract HSV 2 and experience sores around the genital area from someone with HSV 2?.
Herpes Simplex Virus
Genital herpes can be caused by both HSV-1 and HSV-2. Individuals who reactivate the virus without visible symptoms still release the virus in the oral or genital tract. Herpes simplex can be spread through contact with saliva, such as sharing drinks. HSV-2 is primarily a sexually transmitted infection, but rates of HSV-1 genital infections are increasing. Of the 74 known ORFs, UL contains 56 viral genes, whereas US contains only 12. HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes, although HSV-2 is the main cause of genital herpes. Kissing, using the same eating utensils, sharing personal items (such as a razor), and receiving oral sex from someone who has HSV-1 can cause you to contract the virus. Still, once you have been infected, you can never completely get rid of the virus. In addition, because herpes simplex virus 1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils with an infected person. Even if infected people have mild or no symptoms, they can still transmit the herpes virus. However, HSV-1 can also spread to the genitals during oral sex, while HSV-2 infections in the genitals can spread to the mouth during oral sex. People with dormant herpes virus can still pass it to others, though outbreaks of herpes sores make transmission more likely. HSV-1 is typically spread by contact with infected saliva, while HSV-2 is usually spread sexually or via the mother’s genital tract to her newborn baby. However, the virus may still be shed from the saliva for 3 or more weeks. Along with ruptured vesicles in the tonsils and pharynx, an adult with newly acquired herpes type 1 can have fever, headache, fatigue, and sore throat.
Herpes Simplex: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis
Most commonly HSV-1 occurs above the waist, usually as cold sores or lesions in the mouth or on the lips and face (orofacial herpes); HSV-2 occurs below the waist, usually as genital sores (genital herpes). If you have a cold sore and kiss someone, you can transfer the virus from your mouth to your partner’s. If I had herpes but do not have signs and symptoms, can I still transmit it? HSV 1 usually causes herpes on the mouth. However, herpes can be spread even if the person with the virus isn’t currently having an outbreak or has never had an outbreak. However, they can still reduce the risk of transmitting herpes. HSV-1 is usually transmitted by touching and kissing but it can also be transmitted by sexual contact. HSV-1 is also spread by oral sexual contact and causes genital herpes. If your skin has become normal again and you have no symptoms of herpes, you can have sexual contact again but herpes can still be spread when there are no symptoms. Oral lesions (and genital lesions) can reoccur. This happens because the HSV viruses are still alive but exist in nerve cells in a quiet, inactive (dormant) state. Transmission of HSV-1 occurs by direct exposure to saliva or droplets formed in the breath of infected individuals.
Although it is possible for HSV-1 to spread to the genitals through oral sex, more commonly it is HSV-2 that is spread during sexual contact. And, remember, even if you aren’t having an outbreak, you can still pass on herpes to your partner! Can Infection with Herpes Simplex Virus Be Prevented? People with either HSV-1 or HSV-2 can pass the virus to others even when they do not have an active herpes outbreak. Herpes is an infection caused by a virus, either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2. ) Although most genital herpes infections are caused by HSV-2 and most oral herpes infections are caused by HSV-1, we now know that either virus, type 1 or type 2 can cause blisters or sores known as genital herpes. But remember, herpes can still be contagious, even before the open sore is visible. Can I still get genital herpes? Typically, the likelihood of spreading the infection from one partner to another is highest when genital ulcers or blisters are present. Genital herpes can be transmitted by oral sex and can be caused by HSV I or HSV II. Herpes can also be transmitted when there are no symptoms present. Also, and even more importantly, most adults already have oral HSV-1, contracted as a child through kissing relatives or friends.