Does a positive herpes test result always mean you can spread genital herpes to others? These are among the questions raised by readers of the Consults blog. WebMD explains the tests used to accurately diagnose genital herpes. If you test positive, but your risk for getting the virus is low, you may need to be tested again. HSV-2 is typically responsible for causing genital herpes. If you have the antibodies to HSV, then you will test positive even if you don’t currently show any symptoms.
Genital herpes can be contracted while receiving oral sex with someone who has oral herpes. For starters, many people test positive for HSV-1, since the test isn’t site-specific. For distinguishing between HSV1 and HSV2, positive cultures may be stained and viewed under a fluorescence microscope using type-specific antibody reagents. Molecular testing of genital herpes is also available as laboratory-developed tests (LDTs) at some reference laboratories.
Most genital herpes infections are asymptomatic and the fear of herpes is more psychological than it is physical, says H. If you test positive, taking an anti-viral drug may help you avoid outbreaks and reduce viral shedding, which means youre less likely to infect sex partners. Last week, a pre-eminent researcher on the genital herpes virus, known as Herpes Simplex Virus 2 or HSV-2, published a landmark paper documenting the striking rate at which people with no herpes symptoms can nonetheless shed virus, potentially infecting partners. Anna Wald of the University of Washington, found that people who’d had symptoms of herpes shed virus on about 20 percent of days, while people who test positive for herpes antibodies but have never had symptoms shed virus on only about 10 percent of days. Ive never shown symptoms of herpes and I was last tested back in 2010 I believe. If it is a false positive, it will usually stay positive on the IgG test. About Our Herpes ForumTerri Warren is here to respond to concerns and questions you have about genital herpes and your own personal situation.
Everything About Herpes 1 & 2 And HSV Testing
Hi doctor, I recently got tested for HSV and the result came to be positive. But I am sure that I am not likely to ha. I can understand your concern about genital herpes and HSV infection. I have had two positive blood tests for the genital herpes virus, but no positive cultures of any kind. I have no outbreaks or symptoms. I recently read in the New York Times that there is a 3-4 false positive possibility. A positive test means you have been infected with HSV recently or at some point in the past. About 20 – 50 of adults will have antibodies against the HSV-2 virus, which causes genital herpes. Diagnostic Testing for Genital and Oral Herpes. If a viral culture taken at a clinic from an active herpes lesion is positive for herpes simplex, then this makes the diagnosis.