In this feature, we take a look at HSV- 1 and 2 to see how alike and different the two viral types really are. People don’t understand that you can have type 1 genitally or orally, that the two types are essentially the same virus,’ says Marshall Clover, manager of the National Herpes Hotline. For example, most people infected with HSV-1 in the genital area have few, if any, outbreaks after the initial episode, far fewer than is typical with either oral HSV-1 or genital HSV-2. Additionally, it is possible to get genital herpes from HSV-1 if the individual has had cold sores and performed sexual activities during that time. Your doctor may check your body for sores and ask you about some of your current symptoms. However, if you have both HSV-1 and HSV-2, and your partner only has one type of herpes, then you could transmit the other to her/him. They are afraid of never finding someone to love them, or they believe that their time and opportunities for sexual expression are over.
Oral Herpes (HSV-1, Herpes Simplex Virus-1) Diagnosis. What prevention measures do you use to avoid getting a oral herpes? If it is herpes 1, you are far less likely to shed the virus and have recurrent outbreaks and are also less likely to transmit it to your partner. Reading this article after finding out my genital herpes is simplex 1 is like a little ray of sunshine through a dark cloud that’s been hanging around far too long!. If you have a cold sore and kiss someone, you can transfer the virus from your mouth to your partner’s. The health care provider may take a sample of fluid from the sore(s) to determine if the herpes virus is present and to determine if you have HSV-1 or HSV-2.
HSV-1 most often causes cold sores (oral herpes). HSV-2 causes genital herpes. Most Americans are infected with the type 1 virus by the age of 20. The initial infection may cause no symptoms or mouth ulcers. Viral culture or Tzanck test of the skin lesion may reveal the herpes simplex virus. Call if symptoms are severe, or if you have a disorder associated with immunosuppression and you develop herpes symptoms. If you are pregnant and you or your partner has herpes, tell your health care professional.
Oral Herpes Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Viral culture and DNA tests can be done if you are experiencing symptoms. These newer tests are fast, accurate, and can tell if a person has HSV-1 or HSV-2. HSV-1 occurs most often on or near the mouth and appears as a chancre or cold sore. The blood tests can only tell if you have been exposed to herpes sometime in your lifetime. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is the main cause of herpes infections that occur on the mouth and lips. If a blood test detects antibodies to herpes, it’s evidence that you have been infected with the virus, even if the virus is in a non-active (dormant) state. HSV-1 is often experienced as an infection of the mouth and facial area that causes cold sores. Avoid sex during outbreaks, or if you experience symptoms in the genital area such as itching or tingling. These tests can accurately determine if a person has antibodies (substances in the bloodstream the body produces in response to herpes) to HSV-1 or HSV-2. False negatives can occur if there is not enough active virus in the test sample, which can occur if the lesion is cultured more than 48 hours after the symptoms appear. NOTE: If undergoing medical tests makes you or someone you care for anxious, embarrassed, or even difficult to manage, you might consider reading one or more of the following articles: Coping with Test Pain, Discomfort, and Anxiety, Tips on Blood Testing, Tips to Help Children through Their Medical Tests, and Tips to Help the Elderly through Their Medical Tests. In most cases, these facial sores are caused by the HSV type 1 (HSV-1) strain. Watch your child for dehydration and call your pediatrician if you are concerned about this.
Serum Herpes Simplex Antibodies
Further, it is impossible to tell whether a lesion is caused by HSV-1 or HSV-2 by inspection. If you do not have herpes, continue precautions to avoid acquiring infection. If you want to prevent transmission of herpes simplex between partners, we recommend that condoms be used 100 percent of the time. Careful studies have shown that asymptomatic shedding occurs between one and three percent of the time in patients who have had previous HSV II genital infections. Couples may opt to have serological tests that will determine whether or not both partners have asymptomatic infection.